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Advanced PTS Analysis for LTO

Descrizione del progetto

Valutazione dell’integrità delle centrali nucleari

L’elettricità prodotta dalle centrali nucleari rappresenta una fornitura affidabile del carico di base di elettricità priva di emissioni e svolge un ruolo importante nella sicurezza energetica. L’UE fa affidamento sull’energia nucleare per soddisfare circa il 25 % del suo fabbisogno elettrico ed è per questo motivo che risulta necessario rinnovare l’attuale schiera di centrali nucleari dell’UE per prolungarne la vita operativa. Il progetto APAL, finanziato dall’UE, si sta occupando dell’elaborazione di una valutazione dell’integrità del contenitore a pressione del reattore (RPV, Reactor Pressure Vessel) riguardo allo shock termico pressurizzato (PTS, Pressurised Thermal Shock). Si tratta della valutazione di sicurezza più limitante per il funzionamento a lungo termine delle centrali nucleari. L’obiettivo del progetto è quello di contribuire al funzionamento a lungo termine tramite l’individuazione di possibili miglioramenti nell’hardware e nel software delle centrali nonché nelle procedure che possono avere un impatto sul PTS.

Obiettivo

In the EU, most of the nuclear power plants (NPPs) are currently in the second half of their designed lifetime, making lifetime extension an important aspect for the EU countries. One of the most limiting safety assessments for long term operation (LTO) is the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) integrity assessment for pressurized thermal shock (PTS). The goal is to demonstrate the safety margin against fast fracture initiation or RPV failure. To verify safe operation of existing NPPs going through LTO upgrades, advanced methods and improvements are necessary.
In the EU, currently used PTS analyses are based on deterministic assessment and conservative boundary conditions. This type of PTS analyses is reaching its limits in demonstrating the safety for NPPs facing LTO and need to be enhanced. However, inherent safety margins exist and several LTO improvements and advanced methods are intended to increase the safety margins of PTS analysis. Additionally, the quantification of safety margins in terms of risk of RPV failure by advanced probabilistic assessments becomes more important.
The main objectives of this project are establishing of state-of-the-art for LTO improvements having an impact on PTS analysis: NPP improvements (hardware, software, procedures), development of advanced deterministic and probabilistic PTS assessment method including thermal hydraulic (TH) uncertainty analyses, quantification of safety margins for LTO improvements and development of best-practice guidance.
After establishing the LTO improvements, TH calculations will be performed including also uncertainty quantification relevant to PTS assessment. Benchmark calculations for both deterministic and probabilistic RPV integrity assessment will be performed with the goal to establish the impact of LTO improvements and TH uncertainties on the overall RPV integrity margins.

Meccanismo di finanziamento

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinatore

UJV REZ AS
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 466 751,25
Indirizzo
HLAVNI 130
250 68 Husinec Rez
Cechia

Mostra sulla mappa

Regione
Česko Střední Čechy Středočeský kraj
Tipo di attività
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
Collegamenti
Costo totale
€ 466 751,25

Partecipanti (15)