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Human History of Marine Life: Extraction, Knowledge, Drivers & Consumption of Marine Resources, c.100 BCE to c.1860 CE

Descripción del proyecto

Conocer mejor el papel de los recursos marinos en la historia de la humanidad

¿Cómo afectó y modificó la vida marina a las sociedades del pasado? Esta es una de las preguntas clave que el proyecto 4-OCEANS, financiado con fondos europeos, intentará responder al estudiar la importancia de la vida marina para las sociedades humanas en los dos últimos milenios, desde el año 100 a. e. c. hasta el año 1860 e. c. Al reunir conocimientos técnicos de la historia ambiental marina, la historia climática, la historia natural, la geografía, la ecología histórica, la genómica y la arqueozoología, el proyecto llevará a cabo la primera evaluación mundial del papel de la vida marina en el desarrollo social y tendrá en cuenta cómo ciertas fuerzas ambientales, culturales y socioeconómicas limitaron y fomentaron la explotación de los recursos marinos.

Objetivo

4-OCEANS aims to assess the importance of marine life for human societies during the last two millennia. We contend that the harvest of marine resources played a critical, but as yet underappreciated and poorly understood, role in global history. To bridge this gap in our understanding, the four PIs will form an interdisciplinary team combining expertise in marine environmental history, climate history, natural history, geography, historical ecology and zooarchaeology. We will examine when and where marine exploitation was of significance to human society; how selected major socio-economic, cultural, and environmental forces variously constrained and enabled marine exploitation; and identify the consequences of marine resource exploitation for societal development. Through these objectives we will discover how marine resources as novel wealth altered societies throughout history. How might marine wealth have enabled some societies to escape food shortages? How did it trigger long-term socio-economic impacts and ecological consequences? How were marine resources valued, consumed, and energetically transformed? Revealing this history will open a new window on human-nature dynamics of profound importance for understanding developmental trajectories of human societies. 4-OCEANS will transcend the binary distinctions of East and West, global-north and global-south, indigenous and colonial, resource exploitation and wildlife conservation, nature and culture. In doing so, 4-OCEANS will uncover and chart historical trajectories towards sustainable and unsustainable food security and resource extraction, identifying their complex underlying drivers.

Régimen de financiación

ERC-SyG - Synergy grant

Institución de acogida

THE PROVOST, FELLOWS, FOUNDATION SCHOLARS & THE OTHER MEMBERS OF BOARD, OF THE COLLEGE OF THE HOLY & UNDIVIDED TRINITY OF QUEEN ELIZABETH NEAR DUBLIN
Aportación neta de la UEn
€ 4 907 047,50
Dirección
COLLEGE GREEN TRINITY COLLEGE
D02 CX56 DUBLIN 2
Irlanda

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Región
Ireland Eastern and Midland Dublin
Tipo de actividad
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Enlaces
Coste total
€ 4 907 047,50

Beneficiarios (7)