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Human History of Marine Life: Extraction, Knowledge, Drivers & Consumption of Marine Resources, c.100 BCE to c.1860 CE

Description du projet

Améliorer notre compréhension du rôle des ressources marines dans l’histoire de l’humanité

De quelle manière la vie marine a-t-elle affecté et modifié les sociétés d’hier? Il s’agit de l’une des questions clés auxquelles le projet 4-OCEANS, financé par l’UE, chercha de répondre en étudiant l’importance de la vie marine pour les sociétés humaines au cours des deux derniers millénaires, de 100 avant notre ère à 1860 de notre ère. En rassemblant des experts issus des domaines de l’histoire de l’environnement marin, de l’histoire du climat, de l’histoire naturelle, de la géographie, de l’écologie historique, de la génomique et de l’archéozoologie, le projet mènera la toute première évaluation mondiale du rôle de la vie marine dans le développement de la société et envisagera la manière dont certaines forces socio-économiques, culturelles et environnementales ont limité ou favorisé l’exploitation marine.

Objectif

4-OCEANS aims to assess the importance of marine life for human societies during the last two millennia. We contend that the harvest of marine resources played a critical, but as yet underappreciated and poorly understood, role in global history. To bridge this gap in our understanding, the four PIs will form an interdisciplinary team combining expertise in marine environmental history, climate history, natural history, geography, historical ecology and zooarchaeology. We will examine when and where marine exploitation was of significance to human society; how selected major socio-economic, cultural, and environmental forces variously constrained and enabled marine exploitation; and identify the consequences of marine resource exploitation for societal development. Through these objectives we will discover how marine resources as novel wealth altered societies throughout history. How might marine wealth have enabled some societies to escape food shortages? How did it trigger long-term socio-economic impacts and ecological consequences? How were marine resources valued, consumed, and energetically transformed? Revealing this history will open a new window on human-nature dynamics of profound importance for understanding developmental trajectories of human societies. 4-OCEANS will transcend the binary distinctions of East and West, global-north and global-south, indigenous and colonial, resource exploitation and wildlife conservation, nature and culture. In doing so, 4-OCEANS will uncover and chart historical trajectories towards sustainable and unsustainable food security and resource extraction, identifying their complex underlying drivers.

Régime de financement

ERC-SyG - Synergy grant

Institution d’accueil

THE PROVOST, FELLOWS, FOUNDATION SCHOLARS & THE OTHER MEMBERS OF BOARD, OF THE COLLEGE OF THE HOLY & UNDIVIDED TRINITY OF QUEEN ELIZABETH NEAR DUBLIN
Contribution nette de l'UE
€ 4 907 047,50
Adresse
COLLEGE GREEN TRINITY COLLEGE
D02 CX56 DUBLIN 2
Irlande

Voir sur la carte

Région
Ireland Eastern and Midland Dublin
Type d’activité
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Liens
Coût total
€ 4 907 047,50

Bénéficiaires (7)