CORDIS - Risultati della ricerca dell’UE
CORDIS

Future Occupant Safety for Crashes in Cars

Risultati finali

Dissemination plan

A dissemination plan will be delivered by month 9.

Short description of the setup of the dissemination tools

A short description of the setup of the dissemination Tools will be delivered.

Draft Exploitation Plan

A draft exploitation plan will be delivered by month 12.

Public available description of Virtual Assessment procedures on two pilot cases (FE and MBS)

Virtual Assessment procedures on two pilot cases FE and MBS will be published

Validated and computationally robust active HBMs

Review and establish standardized methods and data for evaluation of active and reactive HBMs including the subtask development of muscle models kinematic controllers and muscle control systems The established data will be used to develop and validate computationally robust active and reactive HBMs

Baseline traffic & accident scenarios in future automated driving

D1.1 incorporates the results of real world data analysis conducted in WP1 to define the preliminary baseline scenarios in terms of accident characteristics .

Criteria and risk functions for prediction of injury risks in new sitting positions and new crash scenarios

Criteria and risk functions for prediction of injury risks in new sitting positions and new crash scenariosDevelopment and evaluation of Injury criteria for HBMs and implementation of these in HBMs

Future collision type matrix

D13 is the final result of WP1 in terms of future accident scenarios described in full detail making use of the full scale methodology D11

Populations of validated and robust passive HBMs

Skin fat and muscles tissue data will be used to develop new models applicable for improved HBMs Image data of volunteers will be used and new generated to determine body fat distribution and pelvis orientation for seated occupants Data suitable for validation of HBMs will be collected Methods to morph HBMs to different sizes will be developed and evaluated Finally the new models methods and collected data will be used to update and validate populations of injury predicting HBMs

Standardised validation procedure for qualifying the HBM to be used for assessing effectiveness of pilot protection principles

Detailed description of the procedure which was developed within the project and agreed on within stakeholder community concerning the validation process of human body models with respect to their prediction capabilities on injury mechanisms releveant for the pilot protection principles This includes the definition of requirements and acceptance criteria to be used in the procedure The deliverable shall serve as foundation of future standardisation activities or implementation in regulatory or consumer testing

Final Exploitation Plan including the execution of the dissemination activities throughout the project

The final exploitation Plan including the execution of the dissemination activities throughout the Project will be delivered

Report on implementation effects, impact and benefits through use of HBMs for future interior development using fully integrated occupant assessment throughout the complete accident scenario

a report on implementation effects impact and benefits through use of HBMs for future interior development using fully integrated occupant assessment throughout the complete accident scenario will be delivered

Standardised procedure for validating a vehicle environment for VT

Detailed description of the procedure which was developed within the project and agreed on within stakeholder community concerning the validation process of vehicle interior structures potentially interacting with the occupant in the projectrelated scenarios This includes the definition of requirements and acceptance criteria to be used in the procedure The deliverable shall serve as foundation of future standardisation activities or implementation in regulatory or consumer testing

Guidelines for a harmonized implementation/application of injury risk assessment

Description of the approaches taken within the project to consistently derive injury risks from simulations with different HBMs or different crash codes This includes the recommendation of requirements and acceptance criteria to be used in the future The deliverable shall serve as foundation of future standardisation activities or implementation in regulatory or consumer testing

Demonstrator for continuous integrated virtual assessment of complex crash simulation tasks incl HBMs

A demonstrator for continuous integrated virtual assessment of complex crash simulation tasks incl HBMs will be delivered

Homologation scenario demonstration using advanced harmonized HBMs

A homologation scenario demonstration using advanced harmonized HBMs will be delivered

openPASS framework for integrated safety assessment

D12 incorporates the description of the final harmonized methodology to derive future accident scenarios as well as its implementation in terms of a openPASS software tool customized to the requirements of the OSCCAR project

Data Management update

Regarding the digital research data generated in the Project,this deliverable provide a data Management plan and ensure that data is deposited in a research data repository and take measures to make it possible for third parties to access, mine, exploit, reproduce and disseminate — free of charge for any user — the following: (i) the data, including associated metadata, needed to validate the results presented in scientific publications as soon as possible; (ii) other data, including associated metadata, as specified in the data management plan; (b) provide information — via the repository — about tools and instruments at the disposal of the beneficiaries and necessary for validating

Data Management plan

Regarding the digital research data generated in the Project,this deliverable provide a data Management plan and ensure that data is deposited in a research data repository and take measures to make it possible for third parties to access, mine, exploit, reproduce and disseminate — free of charge for any user — the following: (i) the data, including associated metadata, needed to validate the results presented in scientific publications as soon as possible; (ii) other data, including associated metadata, as specified in the data management plan; (b) provide information — via the repository — about tools and instruments at the disposal of the beneficiaries and necessary for validating

Virtual environment check tool and documentation

A virtual environment check tool for occupant simualtion will and documentation will be provided

Pubblicazioni

Subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness around the ASIS area for Human Body Models in reclined positions

Autori: Sylvia Schick, Julia Muehlbauer, Anja Wagner, Florian Fischer, Nicolas Pfeiffer, Miriam Puschnig, Steffen Peldschus
Pubblicato in: Traffic Injury Prevention, 2021, ISSN 1538-9588
Editore: Taylor & Francis
DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1982622

Female kinematics and muscle responses in lane change and lane change with braking maneuvers

Autori: Ghazaleh Ghaffari and Johan Davidsson
Pubblicato in: Traffic Injury Prevention, Numero Volume 22, 2021 – Numero 3, 2021, Pagina/e 236-241, ISSN 1538-9588
Editore: Taylor & Francis
DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2021.1881068

Development of a detailed human neck finite element model and injury risk curves under lateral impact

Autori: Meyer F., Humm J., Yoganandan N., Leszcznski A. Bourdet N., Deck C., Willinger R
Pubblicato in: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, Numero Volume 116, 2021, Pagina/e 104-318, ISSN 1878-0180
Editore: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2021.104318

Rib Cortical Bone Fracture Risk as a Function of Age and Rib Strain: Updated Injury Prediction Using Finite Element Human Body Models

Autori: Karl-Johan Larsson, Amanda Blennow, Johan Iraeus, Bengt Pipkorn, Nils Lubbe
Pubblicato in: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 2021, ISSN 2296-4185
Editore: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
DOI: 10.3389/fbioe.2021.677768

A method for predicting crash configurations using counterfactual simulations and real-world data

Autori: Alexandros Leledakis, Magdalena Lindman, Jonas Östh, Linus Wågström, Johan Davidsson, Lotta Jakobsson
Pubblicato in: Elsevier - Accident Analysis & Prevention, Numero Volume 150, 2021, ISSN 1879-2057
Editore: Accident Analysis and Prevention
DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2020.105932

The influence of car passengers’ sitting postures in intersection crashes

Autori: Alexandros Leledakis, Jonas Östh, Johan Davidsson, Lotta Jakobsson
Pubblicato in: ELSEVIER – Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2021, ISSN 1879-2057
Editore: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2021.106170

Towards Model Based neck injury criteria under lateral loading conditions

Autori: Frank Meyer, John Humm, Michael Schlick, Narayan Yoganandan, Caroline Deck, Nicolas Bourdet, Remy Willinger
Pubblicato in: CAHRS 2020, 2020
Editore: CARHS Human Modeling and Simulation in Automotive Engineering Symposium 2020

Investigation of the bio-inspired control strategies for finite element active human body models

Autori: O.V. Martynenko, C.A. Endler, I. Wochner and S. Schmitt
Pubblicato in: SIMBIO-M, 2020
Editore: SIMBIO-M

With or Without Foot Support? Influence on Reclined SAFER Human Body Model Kinematics and Loading

Autori: Krystoffer Mroz, Nils Lubbe, Martin Östling
Pubblicato in: CARHS Human Modeling and Simulation in Automotive Engineering Symposium (CAHRS 2020), 2020
Editore: CARHS Human Modeling and Simulation in Automotive Engineering Symposium (CAHRS 2020)

Effect of seat and seat belt characteristics on the lumbar spine and pelvis responses of the SAFER human body model in reclined posture

Autori: Krystoffer Mroz, Martin Östling, et al.
Pubblicato in: IRCOBI – International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Europe Conference, 2020
Editore: IRCOBI International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Europe Conference

Occupant Safety in Highly Automated Vehicles – Challenges of Rotating Seats in Future Crash Scenarios

Autori: Julian Becker (RWTH), Gian Antonio D’Addetta, Maja Wolkenstein (BOSCH), Freerk Bosma, Ruud Verhoeve (SISS), Swen Schaub, Michael Sprenger (ZF), Michael Hamacher (fka)
Pubblicato in: IRCOBI – International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Europe Conference, 2020
Editore: IRCOBI – International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Europe Conference

A Method for Reproducible Landmark-based Positioning of Multibody and Finite Element Human Models

Autori: Christoph Klein, María González-García, Jens Weber, Freerk Bosma, Richard Lancashire, Dominik Breitfuss, Stefan Kirschbichler, Werner Leitgeb
Pubblicato in: IRCOBI 2021, 2021
Editore: IRCOBI – International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Europe Conference 2021

Validation Procedure for a Vehicle Environment Simulation Model to be used for HBM-based Virtual Testing

Autori: Andre Eggers; Matthias Schießler, Julian Ott BASt Christian Mayer; Mercedes-Benz AG Steffen Peldschus; LMU München
Pubblicato in: VDI-Tagung Fahrzeugsicherheit 2021, 2021
Editore: VDI-Tagung Fahrzeugsicherheit 2021

Modelling and Validation of the 3D Muscle-Tendon Unit with solid Finite Elements in LS-DYNA for Active Human Body Model applications

Autori: Nuno A. T. C. Fernandes, Syn Schmitt, Oleksandr V. Martynenko
Pubblicato in: Conference proceedings of the International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury (IRCOBI), 2019
Editore: International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury (IRCOBI)

How Will We Travel Autonomously? User Needs for Interior Concepts and Requirements Towards Occupant Safety

Autori: Anna-Lena Köhler, Fabian Prinz, Lining Wang, Julian Becker, Gudrun Mechthild Irmgard Voß, Thorolf Schulte, Nico Depner, Stefan Ladwig, Lutz Eckstein
Pubblicato in: Proceedings of the 28th Aachen Colloquium Automobile and Engine Technology 2019, 2019
Editore: Aachener Kolloquium Fahrzeug- und Motorentechnik

Development and Validation of a Generic Finite Element Ribcage to be used for Strain‐based Fracture Prediction

Autori: Johan Iraeus, Bengt Pipkorn
Pubblicato in: IRCOBI 2019, 2019
Editore: IRCOBI

Transition of a Pre-crash Occupant Kinematic to an In-crash Simulation Model

Autori: Dominik Breitfuß
Pubblicato in: CAHRS 2020, 2020
Editore: CARHS Human Modeling and Simulation in Automotive Engineering Symposium

Comparison of Controller Strategies for Active Human Body Models at the Example of Different Muscle Materials

Autori: Isabell Wochner, Carola A. Endler, Syn Schmitt, Oleksandr V. Martynenko
Pubblicato in: IRCOBI 2019, 2019
Editore: IRCOBI – 2019 International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Europe Conference

Defining Injury Criteria for the Muscle-Tendon-Uni

Autori: Lennart V. Nölle, Syn Schmitt, Oleksandr V. Martynenko
Pubblicato in: IRCOBI – International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Europe Conference, 2020
Editore: IRCOBI 2020

Evaluation of Kinematics and Restraint Interaction when Repositioning a Driver from a Reclined to Upright Position Prior to Frontal Impact using Active Human Body Model Simulations

Autori: Jonas Östh, Katarina Bohman, Lotta Jakobsson
Pubblicato in: IRCOBI – International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Europe Conference, 2020
Editore: IRCOBI – International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Europe Conference

Monitoring of Global and Tissue level brain injury metrics in the context of car safety assessment.

Autori: Remy Willinger Caroline Deck Nicolas Bourdet
Pubblicato in: CARHS 2020, 2020
Editore: CARHS Human Modeling and Simulation in Automotive Engineering Symposium

Application of Human Body Models to analyse the challenges of future occupant use cases in highly automated vehicles - OSCCARs advanced occupant protection principles

Autori: "Julian Becker (RWTH) Michael Hamacher (fka) Gian Antonio D'Addetta (Bosch) Additional WP2 partners"""
Pubblicato in: CARHS Human Modeling and Simulation in Automotive Engineering Symposium (CAHRS 2020), 2020
Editore: CARHS Human Modeling and Simulation in Automotive Engineering Symposium (CAHRS 2020)

Representation of the Elderly Population with Active Human Body Models

Autori: Tanmoy Banik, Lennart V. Nölle, Syn Schmitt, Oleksandr V. Martynenko
Pubblicato in: IRCOBI 2021, 2021
Editore: IRCOBI – International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Europe Conference 2021

Simplified multi-code model for passive muscle tissue under impact

Autori: Felicitas Lanzl, Andre Berger, Dominic Huehn, Simon Dussinger, Pronoy Ghosh, Christian Mayer, Oleksandr Martynenko, Hosein Naseri, Johan Iraeus, Steffen Peldschus
Pubblicato in: IRCOBI 2021, 2021, Pagina/e 702-704
Editore: IRCOBI – International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Europe Conference 2021

Predicted crash configurations for Autonomous Driving vehicles in mixed German traffic for the evaluation of occupant restraint system

Autori: Martin Östling, Hanna Jeppsson, Nils Lubbe
Pubblicato in: VDI Fahrzeugsicherheit 2019, 2019
Editore: VDI Fahrzeugsicherheit 2019

Sitting Postures and Activities in Autonomous Vehicles – New Requirements towards Occupant Safety

Autori: Anna-Lena Köhler, Julia Pelzer, Kristian Seidel, Stefan Ladwig
Pubblicato in: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, Numero 63/1, 2019, Pagina/e 1874-1878, ISSN 2169-5067
Editore: HFES 63rd International Annual Meeting
DOI: 10.1177/1071181319631327

Passenger muscle responses in lane change and lane change with braking maneuvers using two belt configurations: Standard and reversible pre-pretensioner

Autori: Ghazaleh Ghaffari, Karin Brolin, Bengt Pipkorn, Lotta Jakobsson, Johan Davidsson
Pubblicato in: Traffic Injury Prevention, Numero 20/sup1, 2019, Pagina/e S43-S51, ISSN 1538-9588
Editore: Taylor & Francis
DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2019.1634265

Pre-Crash and In-Crash Car Occupant Safety Assessment

Autori: ALEXANDROS LELEDAKIS
Pubblicato in: 2021
Editore: Chalmers University of Technology

Postural and Muscular Responses of Car Occupants under Pre-Crash Conditions

Autori: GHAZALEH GHAFFARI
Pubblicato in: 2021
Editore: Chalmers University of Technology

Towards a human body model for prediction of vehicle occupant kinematics in omni-directional pre-crash events

Autori: Emma Larsson
Pubblicato in: 2021
Editore: Chalmers University of Technology

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