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Mediterranean Gypsies. A forgotten history beyond diaspora, nomadism, marginality in three Western Mediterranean areas of the Spanish Crown (Andalusia, Sicily, Sardinia, 16th- early 18th century)

Projektbeschreibung

Die Geschichte der mediterranen Sinti und Roma in der Neuzeit überdenken

In der Vergangenheit wurden Sinti und Roma im Mittelmeerraum oft als eine marginale Minderheit verstreuter umherziehender Völker dargestellt. Solche abwertenden Interpretationen beruhen jedoch weitgehend auf repressiven institutionellen Informationsquellen. Im Rahmen des über die Marie-Skłodowska-Curie-Maßnahmen finanzierten Projekts MediterraneanGypsies wird das Ziel verfolgt, die historische Perspektive zu verändern, indem die Geschichte der Gemeinschaften von Sinti und Roma in Andalusien, Sizilien und Sardinien zwischen dem 16. und dem frühen 18. Jahrhundert neu beleuchtet wird. Dazu wird ein breites Spektrum unveröffentlichter zeitgenössischer Quellen ausgewertet, z. B. Zollregister, notarielle Urkunden und Kirchenbücher, die einen besseren Einblick in die Lebensweise der Sinti und Roma und ihre sozioökonomischen Bindungen an die Gemeinschaft bieten. Die Ergebnisse werden ein abgerundetes Narrativ und ein umfassenderes Verständnis der Geschichte der Sinti und Roma vermitteln.

Ziel

Thanks to the collaboration in Leeds between an expert in Gypsy and Italian history (the fellow, Dr Aresu, who will restart his academic career) and a scholar in modern Spanish history (the supervisor, Dr Alonso), MediterraneanGypsies aims at a rethinking of the way the history of Gypsy people has been framed to date. It proposes an innovative interpretative paradigm, which it applies to a specific study case: Gypsy mobility in three Western-Mediterranean areas of the Spanish Crown (Andalusia, Sicily, Sardinia) in the modern era (16th, 17th and early 18th century).
Traditional reconstructions, based mainly on institutional repressive documents (e.g. acts of the Inquisition), have privileged a reductive vision of the Gypsies as a diasporic, nomadic, marginal minority that was relentlessly persecuted. By building on his previous researches, Dr Aresu will analyse instead a broad range of primary sources, mostly unpublished - from custom records to notarial deeds and parish funds -, that he will collect via an extensive archival search in Madrid, Sevilla, Palermo, Cagliari and in the Romani Collection of the University of Leeds. With an interdisciplinary approach that intersects transnational history, micro-history and historical anthropology, the project will investigate the economic and social relations of Gypsy groups both among themselves and with the other residents, scrutinise their articulated relationships with the local and state institutions, and insert their mobility strategies within the broader circulation processes existing throughout the Mediterranean as a whole. A special focus will be on the role of women, in order to challenge the mono-dimensional image of the Gypsy fortune-teller and enchantress.
Beyond its scholarly value, the project will produce and disseminate alternative narratives on Gyspy history, which can potentially counter the worrying anty-gypsyist discourses that still have currency in parts of contemporary European society.

Koordinator

UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS
Netto-EU-Beitrag
€ 195 454,80
Adresse
WOODHOUSE LANE
LS2 9JT Leeds
Vereinigtes Königreich

Auf der Karte ansehen

Region
Yorkshire and the Humber West Yorkshire Leeds
Aktivitätstyp
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Gesamtkosten
€ 195 454,80