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The Political Economy of E-Residency

Projektbeschreibung

Untersuchung des elektronischen Wohnsitz-Programms Estlands

Estland ist das erste Land der Welt, in dem ein elektronisches Wohnsitz-Programm etabliert wurde. Das 2015 als Pilotprojekt gestartete Programm hat seither mehr als 40 000 Ausländern die digitalen Dienstleistungen des Landes geöffnet. Ungefähr 6 700 neue e-Unternehmen wurden gegründet. Das EU-finanzierte Projekt PEER wird sich eingehend mit Estlands Programm befassen, um dessen Auswirkung zu bewerten und um zu berücksichtigen, ob es eine neue Lösung für die Herausforderungen der Kontrolle im digitalen EU-Binnenmarkt sein sollte. Ziel ist es, die Debatte auf akademischer und politischer Ebene zu fördern, Die Ergebnisse werden nicht nur für Estland wichtig sein, sondern auch für die EU.

Ziel

In 2015, Estonia launched its e-residency program that gave foreigners the ability to apply for a digital residency in Estonia, even if they don't live in the country. At the time of writing, more than 40,000 people have obtained e-residency. Moreover, these e-residents have established nearly 6,700 companies in Estonia, benefiting from Estonian business-friendly tax laws, access to online payment systems, and so forth. Recently, a small number of academic papers have emerged that discuss the governance and business aspects of e-residency. However, most of the key texts have been authored by civil servants, and there has been a lack of analyses on how the e-residency initiative shapes the broader global political economy. Some of the crucial questions are as follows: How does the proliferation of e-residency program impact the EU-level efforts of international tax cooperation, as well as the concept of economic citizenship that underlies the international tax system? Should the e-residency initiative be seen as a new solution to the governance challenges of the EU's Digital Single Market, or does it rather accelerate international race to the bottom in business regulation? How does the initiative alter the self-perception of both Estonian government and the entrepreneurs that use e-residency? By analyzing the broader political economy of the initiative, the PEER project carries a potential for significant academic and policy-level contributions. Utilizing interviews, textual sources and financial statement analysis, the project focuses both on the governance side of the initiative and its users. The result will be a broad-ranging, inter-disciplinary inquiry into a phenomenon that may have potential to transform the concept of citizenship. The results will have high policy-relevance not only in Estonia, but also within the European Union, as well as in those EU member states that are allegedly considering implementing similar initiatives.

Aufforderung zur Vorschlagseinreichung

H2020-WF-2018-2020

Andere Projekte für diesen Aufruf anzeigen

Unterauftrag

H2020-WF-01-2018

Koordinator

TALLINNA TEHNIKAÜLIKOOL
Netto-EU-Beitrag
€ 154 193,28
Adresse
EHITAJATE TEE 5
12616 Tallinn
Estland

Auf der Karte ansehen

Region
Eesti Eesti Põhja-Eesti
Aktivitätstyp
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Links
Gesamtkosten
€ 154 193,28