CORDIS
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CORDIS

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Disentangling metaphase chromosome organisation one chromosome at a time

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 883240

Status

Grant agreement signed

  • Start date

    1 January 2021

  • End date

    31 December 2025

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.1.

  • Overall budget:

    € 1 997 284

  • EU contribution

    € 1 997 284

Hosted by:

STICHTING VU

Netherlands

Objective

Chromosomes assume their most compact state during metaphase just before they are separated. In this process of cell
division the chromosomes experience high forces and genomic defects can occur then. Many techniques have built
considerable understanding of metaphase chromosome structure and a multitude of models have been put forward how
cells organize their chromosomes during metaphase. Yet, given the complexity of the process and limitations of the methods
to study them, it is far from being fully understood. The breakthrough opportunity in this regard is the development of tools
that allow real-time, 3D, super-resolution imaging and manipulation of entire non-fixed metaphase chromosomes under nearphysiological
conditions.
Here I propose to quantitatively image the proteins that establish the architecture of metaphase chromosomes and
disentangle the connection between its architecture, internal protein dynamics and mechanics at the multi-protein as well as
the single-molecule level. For this project I plan to expand the combination of optical manipulation and fluorescent
microscopy by introducing force-induced expansion microscopy together with advanced labeling and imaging techniques
that ultimately will permit real-time, 3D, super-resolution quantitative analysis of complex (protein) structures within native
non-fixed metaphase chromosomes. With this kind of instrument it becomes possible to validate and/or challenge the current
models of metaphase organization as well as explore the physical properties of chromosomes but also study chromosome
separation dynamics.
My extensive experience handling biological systems and pushing instrumental boundaries gives me an excellent starting
point to address key research questions with regards to metaphase chromosomes. In doing so I can improve our
understanding of chromosome organization which is important because chromosome defects can have devastating
consequences leading to for example cancer or fragile X syndrome.

Host institution

STICHTING VU

Address

De Boelelaan 1105
1081 Hv Amsterdam

Netherlands

Activity type

Higher or Secondary Education Establishments

EU Contribution

€ 1 997 284

Beneficiaries (1)

STICHTING VU

Netherlands

EU Contribution

€ 1 997 284

Project information

Grant agreement ID: 883240

Status

Grant agreement signed

  • Start date

    1 January 2021

  • End date

    31 December 2025

Funded under:

H2020-EU.1.1.

  • Overall budget:

    € 1 997 284

  • EU contribution

    € 1 997 284

Hosted by:

STICHTING VU

Netherlands