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Plan (EEC) to stimulate European scientific and technical cooperation and interchange, 1985-1988

Part of the first Framework Programme (1984-1987) under activity 9: "Improving efficacy of S/T potential", this plan made provision for the training of high-level specialists and the mobility of researchers within the framework of the Community's various sectoral R&D Programmes. These arrangements replaced the former "Scientific and Technical Education and Training Programmes", the last of which expired in 1984 (SCITRAIN 3C).
To establish a network of scientific and technical cooperation and interchange at European level, to promote the mobility and training of European scientists as well as the faster transfer of research findings to production and services, to alleviate scientific under-employment and reduce the brain drain, and to strengthen the links between universities and research laboratories.
Eight measures attracting special emphasis:
- Chemistry: particularly synthetic chemistry, composite materials and monomer chemistry;
- Biocommunication;
- Earth sciences: all aspects relating to structures and materials;
- Optics: particularly research involving integrated optics;
- Mathematics and data processing;
- Oceanography: marine sciences;
- Surface chemistry and physics: principally catalysis, intersurface exchanges, polymer-metal adhesion;
- Scientific instrumentation.
The Commission undertook implementation of the plan by means of research grants, contracts encouraging the twinning of laboratories, and operations contracts. It was assisted by the Committee for the European Development of Science and Technology (CODEST) and by consultants.

The Commission was responsible for defining and, after consulting CREST, implementing appropriate complementary measures.

Information was disseminated in accordance with Regulation (EEC) No 2380/74 of 17 September 1974 (Official Journal No L 255, 20.9.1974) providing for the dissemination of information relating to research programmes for the European Economic Community. With the exception of the Commission's right to issue sub-licences where a contractor refused to exploit the results of shared-cost research.

The Community was authorized to conclude agreements with European non-Member States with a view to associating them with the plan.

The plan was reviewed during the second year and the results were communicated to the Council and the European Parliament.